Selasa, 19 Maret 2013

Notes child psychologist for children 4-5 years

In this age of blossoms in full story-role-playing game, in which develop many important qualities. For example - the imagination and the ability to symbolize, and the ability to self-regulate.
Psychological characteristics of children 4-5 years
Subject-role-playing game becomes more complicated and lead activity.
In the game, children begin to distinguish between "self in everyday life" and "himself in a role." Here is the separation of the two planes "real and symbolic" will later be useful in the development of self-awareness, the ability to work with symbols in understanding Hidden context when reading.
Actively develop visual-creative thinking and imagination. Complicated self-concepts: self-image.

Couples counseling "mother-child": simple shapes, and the completion of the situation

Couples counseling "mother - child"

One of the modern challenges of school psychological services is the prevention and correction of school exclusion. From his studies, a child comes with a certain family psychological "baggage", which is projected to school life and determines the degree of adaptation of the student, especially in the early stages. Inclusion into the work of the school psychologist couples "parent-child" can greatly optimize the psychological help, because the "soul" of the psychologist has 900 students, and more, teachers and parents.
Couples counseling, perhaps, still "exotic" form of psychotherapy practice, especially in the arsenal of the school psychologist. In the literature there are examples of work with a pair of F. Perls, Gestalt continues to develop in working with couples and families C. Nevis (Cleveland). This involves not only the interactions within the group: the focus is on "private system" and their contact with the world. Pair is considered as a single organism (group as a person). This allows you to apply to its operation cycle metaphor contact violations at the interface (introjection, projection, retroflection, confluence, defleksiya) generally applicable to the individual in the process of therapy. It is also useful to get acquainted with the practices of family physicians as V. Satir, C. Whitaker, etc. [1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8].
The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the capabilities of the consultation process a pair of "mother-child" in the work of the school psychologist, the wording of the basic principles of counseling.
The reason for the consultation (therapy) can serve as test results (performance anxiety in children's drawings), and crises associated with learning and behavior ( Tanya, 2 class - pages torn from "2" of the diary.)
Given that initiated the meetings are usually parents, school counselor, or the school, work in pairs to create a equal chance for a student who often does not even know "what brought him here," which is not too far from the truth. Therefore, such a meeting with a couple allows the student to be the subject of relationships, not the object of educational impact and correction.
Working with a pair of "here and now" makes it possible, using interactive methods to remove rigidity tensions "Fathers and Sons", identify abnormal communication patterns, to draw attention to the value of emotional contact.
When building a therapeutic relationship I rely on the principles and methods of Gestalt approach. This allows us to study a couple of from the point of view of the process, to fix attention on family interactions, for abuses and resistances at the interface, to emphasize the emotional experience and at the same time helps me not to lose yourself, to be attentive to their own reactions when dealing [3, 4, 5, 6]. The goal of therapy (in the school psychology service) - to teach the members of the couple to recognize each other's differences, to appreciate the differences and best express what they feel, what they want, what they think.
Gestalt therapy for this has a rich arsenal of both its own borrowed from other schools, "a continuous awareness," Working with polarities, role playing, sculpting, drawing, metaphor. [3] All this has both diagnostic and remedial function, helps to bring the system out of balance, which is regarded as a member of a couple "dead end." In troubled families closed equilibrium, once set and were once useful and functional, cease to be "here and now" . Open systems, according to V. Satir, have a choice of "balance", and if the position changes, changing roles participants can adapt again and again. [7] Speaking in Gestalt terms, this pair can form simple shapes and end the situation .

Why yoga classes are useful for the child

In our time, no need to convince anyone talk about the benefits of yoga practice, even at some basic level. But that is why it is useful for children's development, said not so much.Something because different classes in yoga class from visiting sports team or dance studio.Therefore we denote a few ideas on this matter from the perspective of child psychology , and especially - Child Neuropsychology .

Yoga for children: the view child psychologist
Kids Yoga: energy, self-regulation, sensory integration, stress reduction.


Let's start with self-regulation. This is a hard event, which includes the organization's own desires (motivations, needs, interests), the ability to plan every little piece of my life, will and experience to overcome the difficulties. At the level of a child's brain all these qualities are associated with the development of the frontal areas of: first motor regulation (control of movements of the body), then the elementary program (union movements in a sequence), the last stage of the programming and control of the activity (closely related to the development of speech). These departments complete their development quite late (12-15 years), especially in boys.
Well now, in fact, it is understandable why the possession of his body is the basis of self-control, and in this sense, yoga is useful as any other form of physical activity of the child: the usual street games, cycling and climbing trees. Besides, through the influence of yoga on subcortical brain centers of energy and ensures their optimum tone and feeding those same frontal areas in which energy flows into the last turn.
Yoga for children: the view child psychologist
Yoga for children: self-control and tone of the energy

Tone of the energy

High energy level means first of all stability. If the child is listless, lethargic, lazy, it is clear that it needs to tone up. But if children are too fussy, restless, unable to stop myself for a long time in one place and in one situation, then this is also the energy problem. And they also need to tone up: do the energy of the body and brain is more smooth and controlled.